Inflammatory processes in the prostate are typical for men of mature age after 40. The pathology is caused by various hormonal disruptions, viruses or bacteria, weak immune defense, genitourinary and venereal diseases, prolonged absence of sex. Treatment usually does not cause problems, since the pharmaceutical market offers a lot of modern drugs that effectively cope with prostatitis. Only a qualified urologist should decide which medicine for prostatitis should be taken by a particular patient.
Forms of drugs used for prostatitis
The drugs prescribed for the treatment of prostatitis are available in the form of tablets, suppositories, instillations, injections or microclysters. Tablet preparations are usually represented by antibiotics with a fairly wide spectrum of action, which are prescribed in cases where the causative agent of the pathology has not yet been identified. In general, antibiotic drugs are represented by three groups of drugs:
Often in the treatment of prostatitis, suppositories are used that are used rectally (they are inserted into the anus). Such medicines effectively relieve pain and have an antibacterial effect. The greatest penetration into the tissues of the body is distinguished by injection solutions. They have a systemic effect, stimulating the immune system and the vascular system.
According to experts, the maximum therapeutic efficacy is achieved with the rectal method of administration, therefore it is preferable to other methods of treating prostatitis.
It is not uncommon for the treatment of prostatitis to include instillation procedures, when the medicine is injected directly into the urethral canal to the patient. Before administering the solution, a man needs to empty his bladder. In one procedure, no more than 5 ml of solution is injected. The main therapy can be supplemented with folk remedies such as microclysters, in which the cure for prostatitis is presented in the form of herbal decoctions or infusions. The micro-enema technique is based on a complex temperature-medicinal effect. Such treatment must be carried out before bedtime, since after microclysters, hypothermia or overstrain of the prostate is unacceptable.
Pharmacological groups of drugs for prostatitis
Treatment of prostatitis is always complex, including the use of drugs of various pharmacological groups: antibiotics, pain relievers, α-blockers, muscle relaxants and hormone-containing drugs, antiviral and anti-inflammatory, as well as phytotherapeutic agents, etc. With prostatitis of bacterial etiology, antibiotic drugs are the basis of therapy. Treatment with tableted antibiotics is usually prescribed for chronic and acute bacterial prostatitis and lasts about a month. In case of complications of prostatitis, treatment is carried out by injecting the drug. If the causative agent of the infection cannot be identified, then combined antibiotic therapy is carried out.
Anesthetic drugs significantly facilitate the course of prostatitis, but they should be drunk as directed, since uncontrolled intake of analgesics can provoke the appearance of very undesirable side effects. The use of α-blockers is due to the relaxing effect of these drugs on the muscles and the neck of the bladder, which significantly reduces the pain associated with urination. But these drugs cause side effects like hypotension or headache. Similar drugs are prescribed for chronic prostatitis of non-bacterial etiology.
Often, the body of a man with prostatitis needs to restore and strengthen the immune defense, which is helped by drugs from the group of immunomodulators, which include interferons and other drugs.
Used in the treatment of prostatitis and muscle relaxants, which reduce the tone of the muscles located in the perineum. The use of such drugs is due to the fact that it is the tension of these muscles that causes a feeling of discomfort and soreness. The use of drugs containing hormones in the treatment is due to the need to lower the testosterone level, which provokes the proliferation of the prostate gland. As a result of hormonal therapy, the intensity of the inflammatory process decreases and the hormonal background is normalized. Sometimes, as an additional treatment for prostatitis, herbal preparations are used to eliminate swelling, inflammation and soreness. Herbal remedies are often used in the treatment of chronic forms of prostate inflammation.
In the case of prostatitis of viral etiology, the use of antiviral agents is indicated. The therapy is often complemented by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The action of such drugs is aimed at eliminating pain and swelling, high temperature, accompanying inflammatory processes in the prostate. Suppositories containing anti-inflammatory nonsteroidal substances are especially effective. Drug therapy often involves the use of drugs that improve blood flow to the prostate.
There are many effective agents for the treatment of inflammation in the prostate gland, but they cannot be prescribed independently, even when there are no contraindications at all.