Prostatitis and its treatment is one of the most painful topics in men who suffer from this ailment. Treatment of prostatitis, according to experts, is a process consisting of many completely different procedures: physiotherapy, medication, massage. Only a comprehensive impact on the problem can help eliminate unpleasant symptoms and, most importantly, the cause of the disease. The main role in this is assigned to drugs in the form of tablets, injections and suppositories.
Drugs for the treatment of prostatitis are selected by the attending physician. The set of means depends on what form of the disease the patient has. Also, an important role is played by the type of infection that caused inflammation of the prostate. All doctors pay attention to these two factors in the first place. What else can influence the choice of drugs? We will talk about this a little later. But first, let's try to figure out what problems men have with prostatitis and what they have to deal with.
How to understand that this is prostatitis?
Prostatitis treatment cannot begin without patient complaints. What signs can indicate that a man is ill with it? Experts agree that the initial stage of the disease may not manifest itself at all. Weakness and fatigue, which appear at the onset of the disease, are often mistaken by men for ordinary fatigue, vitamin deficiency and stress. And only when the inflammation covers the entire prostate, they can notice pain above the pubis, radiating into the rectum, difficulty urinating and constant urge to use the toilet. It is with such complaints that patients most often go to polyclinics. At this stage in the development of the disease, treatment of prostatitis with pills gives a good result. The risk of it becoming chronic is minimal.
However, about 25% of men with symptoms of prostatitis are in no hurry to visit a doctor and endure. In this case, the complaints are much more serious. In addition to constant pulling pains, men complain of decreased potency, lack of erection, or too rapid ejaculation. In the urine of such patients, fibers, flakes and blood inclusions are visually observed. Treatment of prostatitis at this stage is a very complex process.
It is almost impossible to cope with the disease with pills alone. In addition, the risk of complications, such as calculous prostatitis, increases significantly.
What can cause prostatitis in men? Treatment (medication) begins with raising this question. After all, it is precisely the diagnosis that is made that helps to choose the right medicines for each case. Young men most often become victims of prostatitis, which has developed as a result of genital infections that they have suffered: herpes, candidiasis, chlamydia, cytomegalovirus, trichomoniasis, etc. Also, inflammation of the prostate gland develops as a result of regular hypothermia or congestion in the small pelvis due to a sedentary lifestyle.
In mature men, prostatitis most often appears as a result of inflammatory diseases of internal organs, stress, purulent-inflammatory processes on the skin, as well as after influenza or other viral infections.
Elderly patients begin to suffer from prostatitis due to prolonged sexual abstinence. In addition, a decrease in immunity and chronic inflammatory processes of internal organs can be the cause of their illness.
Based on these statistics, as well as from laboratory and instrumental studies, the doctor selects drugs for the treatment of prostatitis.
There are several important aspects in the medical treatment of pathology. All of them are aimed at restoring prostate tissue, eliminating inflammation, and fighting the microorganisms that caused the disease. Symptomatic treatment of prostatitis in men is also of great importance. The drugs in this case relieve pain and spasms.
Symptom elimination is not the most important thing in the treatment of prostate inflammation. Antimicrobial and antiviral drugs for the treatment of prostatitis are much more important. Their choice is carried out according to the results of laboratory tests. In this case, not only the type of pathogen is taken into account, but also the sensitivity of the patient's body to medicines.
What else is needed to eliminate prostatitis in men? Treatment (medication) necessarily includes taking medications that restore the immune status. This allows the patient's body to resist infection on its own. In addition, attention is paid to the restoration of potency (if there are problems with it).
Treatment methods such as prostate massage, herbal medicine and special nutrition also contribute to the restoration of prostate function.
Types and forms of drugs for prostatitis
So, we figured out which methods of treatment are considered the most effective today. Since medications for the treatment of prostatitis are considered the main measure of combating the disease, it is worth considering in more detail which forms of them are used most often:
- Antibiotics and antiviral drugs - in the form of tablets, rectal suppositories and injections.
- Alpha 1-blockers - in the form of tablets or capsules.
- Hormonal preparations for the treatment of prostatitis and prostate adenoma - in the form of tablets.
- 5-alpha reductase inhibitors - tablets or capsules.
- Phytopreparations - in the form of tablets, capsules with powder filling or dragees.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - in the form of tablets or injectable solution.
The attending physician, after a complete examination of the patient, decides how the treatment of prostatitis will be carried out: with pills, injections and / or suppositories.
What drugs are most often used when a man is diagnosed with inflammation of the prostate gland? The names of many drugs do not mean anything to most patients, and a few commercials tell about 2-3 remedies that can help in the fight against prostatitis. Next, we will consider each group of drugs for this ailment in more detail.
Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Prostatitis medicines from this group are designed to relieve pain and inflammation. They can also lower body temperature in acute prostatitis. The most suitable drugs are:
- Rectal suppositories and diclofenac sodium injections.
- Ketorolac trometamol tablets and solution for injection.
Both of these drugs have contraindications. Basically, their intake is reflected in the digestive system of patients, therefore, in most cases, the treatment regimen is a three-day course with a weekly interval between them. But the drug "Ketorolac" is recommended for single use for pain of high intensity.
Antibiotics and antiviral drugs for prostatitis
Antibiotics and Antiviralsare completely new drugs for the treatment of prostatitis. The fact is that penicillin and similar substances are unable to sufficiently penetrate the barrier of the prostate and accumulate in the tissues of the gland. Therefore, antibiotics known for a long time are not sufficiently effective. What medications can be taken for inflammation of the prostate? Here is a list of them:
- Tablets and injections that belong to the subgroup of protected amoxicillins and are effective in acute and chronic prostatitis.
- Solutions for injection Cefotaxime, Ceftazidim or Ceftriaxone. While highly effective, these antibiotics have virtually no side effects.
- Tablets and injections Azithromycin and Josamycin, related to macrolides. With their help, you can fight against microorganisms inside the cells of the diseased organ, that is, the prostate.
- Norfloxacin, Ofloxacin, or Ciprofloxacin tablets and capsules. In addition to antimicrobial action, they produce an immunomodulatory effect.
- Ciprofloxacin and acyclovir tablets are prescribed for patients who have a viral infection as the cause of prostate inflammation.
So, we have listed the main drugs that are used to treat prostatitis in men. The drugs should be selected and prescribed by a specialist only!
Preparations for increasing immunity
Any inflammatory process, including prostatitis, proceeds against a background of reduced immunity. This is why it is important to take immunomodulators. The most effective for prostatitis are:
- tablets of interferon alpha and taktivin, protecting against foreign microorganisms;
- stimulator of T-lymphocytes Levamisole;
- tablets containing sodium nucleinate, which increase the activity of macrophage cells;
- drugs methyluracil and dried juice of the herb Echinacea purpurea, stimulating cellular immunity.
All of the above drugs are prescribed by the attending physician. He also calculates the required dosage and duration of taking funds. It is not recommended to take them on your own!
Herbal remedies for prostatitis
Despite the abundance of synthetic drugs, prostatitis treatment takes less time with regular intake of special herbal remedies.
Means, normalizing urination
The drugs in this group are used mainly for chronic prostatitis. It is this form of the disease that implies problems with urination. As a rule, alpha-1-blockers help relieve the swelling of the prostate tissue.
The most popular remedies for prostatitis
Currently, doctors specializing in the treatment of male diseases, including prostatitis, prefer to prescribe complex drugs to patients that combine several properties at once. For example, prostate extract injection solution is effective in both acute and chronic prostatitis. Its use helps to activate the immune system, strengthen the vascular and cell walls in the prostate. As a result of therapy with the use of this remedy, blood circulation in the pelvic organs is normalized, the restoration of prostate tissues occurs several times faster. Also, drugs are often used to treat chronic prostatitis in the form of rectal suppositories.
Should I take hormones for prostatitis?
Hormonal preparations for prostatitis in acute and chronic forms are not used. The only condition under which a doctor can prescribe hormone-containing drugs is the presence of a benign or malignant tumor in the prostate gland.
In conclusion, I would like to remind readers once again that all drugs mentioned in this article are prescribed by the attending physician. Self-administration of drugs can lead to unpredictable consequences.