In the treatment of prostatitis, drug therapy is most often prescribed. During the course of its passage, the patient has to take drugs of various categories. Some are intended to eliminate symptoms that cause discomfort, while others purposefully act directly on the affected gland, eliminating the most important thing - the root cause. At the same time, medicines differ in the strength of the effect, since some are intended to eliminate acute, while others are against chronic. Let's take a look at the most popular drugs used in the treatment of prostate inflammation.
Types of medicines for prostatitis
All medicines that are prescribed by the attending physician can be roughly divided into several categories according to the method of administration:
- Tablets and capsules- taken orally, moderately absorbed by the body, in the case of capsules, absorption occurs much faster, since all components reach the destination after a short period of time after the gelatinous shell dissolves.
- Injections- these can be both liquid and powdery preparations, which are subsequently diluted in a working fluid, usually an anesthetic, administered intramuscularly or intravenously, and the effect can be noticeable after a few minutes. . .
- Rectal suppositories (suppositories)- have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and analgesic effects, are administered to the patient into the rectum when he is on his side, and in this position he needs to spend about half an hour so that the drug is completely dissolvedand absorbed.
- Instillations- a group of drugs that have the maximum positive effect only in case of direct entry into the area of the affected prostate gland, the method is used in a hospital setting, since the introduction is made through the urethra.
- Microclysters- as a rule, these include non-drug medicines, for example, herbal decoctions, they are not able to replace drug therapy, but can be a good remedy for pain relief or prevention.
It should be noted that some types of medications can be sold in several forms at once, for example, tablets and suppositories, so the attending physician must indicate this characteristic without fail.
The most popular drugs for the treatment of prostatitis
Treatment of prostatitis with medications is a rather complicated procedure that requires the doctor to select the correct drugs that will not only relieve pain and eliminate other symptoms with manifestations, but also help eliminate the root cause of the disease. The disease itself can also have a different origin, manifest itself in acute or chronic forms, and deliver a wide variety of inconveniences for the patient, limiting him both in natural affairs and lead to complete infertility.
Classic tablets, intramuscular injections and suppositories for rectal administration can be used in the treatment of prostatitis. The choice of a drug directly depends on the need for the urgency of delivery of its components to the affected organ.
Prostatitis treatment is not limited to a list of several drugs. Specialists can also use other types of drugs of different categories.
Fluoroquinolones are antibacterial drugs used in the treatment of tuberculous origin of prostatitis. These funds are used in a complex manner, and the patient can be prescribed a course consisting of four or more drugs at once.
Cephalosporins are antimicrobial drugs that target specific types of bacteria.
Such drugs can be of both a wide and a directed spectrum of action, and the need to use one or another agent directly depends on the form of the disease and the cause of its occurrence.
Macrolides are rarely used in the treatment of prostatitis, since they are intended to fight certain types of bacteria, such as mycoplasma and chlamydia. By the way, a disease such as chlamydia is often accompanied by prostatitis, so doctors prescribe several tests at once to identify problems with the prostate gland in the early stages.
In acute manifestations of prostatitis, the attending physician may prescribe several drugs of various categories at once. This approach allows you to effectively deal with both the symptomatology and the disease itself.
The vast majority of analgesics are prescribed in the presence of acute pain syndrome, which is an integral companion of chronic, but more often exacerbated forms of prostatitis. The use of drugs belonging to this group outside the framework of drug therapy aimed at eliminating the disease is strictly not recommended, since the body quickly gets used to them, and to achieve an analgesic effect, an increase in the dose will be required, which can adversely affect the liver and kidneys. The course of analgesics is prescribed on an individual basis.
Alpha-blockers and muscle relaxants
The main task of these groups of drugs is to relieve tension from the spasmodic muscles of the bladder, urethral canal, and also to reduce pressure in the pelvic region. These remedies help to get rid of the feeling of discomfort and normalize the urination process.
Such preparations basically contain natural ingredients, in the case of prostatitis - extracts based on the tissues of the prostate gland of cattle. Regardless of the drug, they all have a common principle of action, allowing:
- to slow down the course of inflammatory processes;
- increase the tone of smooth muscles and the walls of the bladder;
- to minimize the possibility of blood clots;
- improve blood circulation in the prostate gland;
- reduce prostate volume.
Immunomodulators can be used for a number of diseases, including chronic prostatitis, acute non-infectious prostatitis, prostate adenoma.
In addition, such funds are actively used for prophylactic purposes, which helps to avoid the occurrence of the disease or its relapse.
Vitamins and dietary supplements
Means that fall into these categories can reduce inflammation, improve fluid drainage and get rid of congestion. The need for such drugs is also due to insufficient intake of beneficial nutrients, especially during the course of antibiotics.
Prostatitis is a rather complex disease that should be treated only by a real specialist. Self-selection of drugs is strictly not recommended, since with this approach there is a large proportion of the likelihood of complications in the form of infertility, impotence, and even the risk of developing cancer increases. The use of drugs for prostatitis without consulting a doctor can lead to the fact that it will be impossible to get rid of the disease without surgery. In addition, self-treatment is complicated by the impossibility of making an accurate diagnosis, since this requires the appropriate equipment and knowledge.
It should also be remembered that most of the medicines used in the treatment of prostatitis are quite toxic, and some types are simply incompatible. If you feel pain in the pelvic area while urinating, defecating or ejaculating, go to the toilet often and cannot empty your bladder normally, do not risk it - see your doctor. Thus, you will not only prevent the unfavorable course of the disease, but you will be able to avoid the development of its chronic form, with which you will have to live your whole life. In addition, your sexual function will not be impaired and with timely treatment, you can have completely normal and healthy offspring.