If prostatitis develops, it is highly likely that special treatment will be needed. A bacterial disease develops in a third of patients. It is required to suppress the growth of bacteria with suitable medication. Antibiotics for prostatitis are prescribed when the diagnosis is confirmed by preliminary research. In order for the treatment to bring the desired effect, acting on the body as carefully as possible, choose the drugs that will help you best, learn how to take them and the potential threats of use.
Benefits of Antibiotic Treatment
Modern medicine uses antibiotics for prostatitis or other diseases due to their capabilities:
- quickly destroy the source of the disease and eliminate inflammation;
- produce substances that kill or stop the reproduction of bacteria and large viruses, but safe for cells of the macroorganism;
- act when applied externally (suppositories, ointments) and with other methods of administration: intramuscularly, orally, intravenously;
- to fight simultaneously with many pathogens (broad spectrum antibiotics).
The main groups of antibacterial drugs used for prostatitis
Antibiotics are a relatively new substance discovered in the 1920s. A large list of drugs neutralizes viruses, helping to remove the causes of prostatitis and other diseases. The different nature of the effect, the differences in the chemical structure made it possible to distinguish several groups of antibiotics for bacterial prostatitis: chronic or acute.
Fluoroquinolones are chemically synthesized today. Active substances that affect different types of bacteria are especially good at treating the chronic form of the disease. Means based on fluoroquinolones are absorbed in the digestive tract as quickly as possible. From here they easily move inside the cells of organs and tissues, and destroy bacteria. Medicines cause gastrointestinal and nervous system disorders, allergies. In rare cases, diseases of the kidneys, musculoskeletal system, heart, candidiasis, colitis are observed.
The tetracyclines family includes broad-spectrum antibiotics that are similar in composition and properties. They have the same mechanism of influence on microbes, similar characteristics and complete cross-resistance. If one drug has ceased to work on the body, similar ones will also be ineffective. To achieve the result, it is better to take with drugs that have a different method of work. Tetracyclines are highly active against bacteria that cause prostatitis, but are difficult to tolerate.
Penicillins block the synthesis of peptidoglycan, from which the bacterial cell wall is built. From this they die. The mammalian body does not produce peptidoglycan, so the drugs are safe for humans, the only thing that can be encountered while taking them is allergies. The most commonly used drugs for prostatitis of the penicillin group are tablets.
The bactericidal principle of action of cephalosporins is dangerous for microorganisms. It damages their cell wall and leads to death. The assimilation of drugs of this group from the gastrointestinal tract is weak. They irritate mucous membranes, cause allergies, impairment of kidney function, and are contraindicated in case of meningitis danger. Used intramuscularly.
Macrolides are the least toxic antibiotics of natural origin that inhibit the growth of bacteria. These drugs are rarely used, as their effectiveness has not been proven. Patients tolerate therapy with these agents for prostatitis well. The drugs rarely contribute to the appearance of allergies, there are no cases of liver or kidney depression, destruction of joints, bone tissue, toxic effects.
Antibiotic regimen for the treatment of prostatitis in men
In order to effectively cure an illness, it is necessary to carry out a diagnosis that will show the type of bacteria that cause the disease in a particular patient, their sensitivity to medications. Based on the test results, the doctor decides with what means to treat chronic prostatitis or an acute form of the disease. A set of procedures will help relieve inflammation of the prostate gland if the disease appears due to the ingress of bacteria.
Prostatitis treatment regimen includes:
- taking antibiotics to eliminate bacteria;
- use of medications to improve blood circulation, reduce congestion;
- adding anti-inflammatory - if you need to relieve pain by reducing swelling of the gland;
- substances that regulate the immune system;
- vitamins A, B6, E, C;
- trace elements: selenium, zinc, magnesium;
- herbs (lingonberry, elderberry, St. John's wort, comfrey, goldenrod);
- prostate massage - it relieves inflammation, gets rid of stagnant secretions;
- exercise - stimulates blood circulation.
In acute pathology
Treatment is carried out in a hospital or under medical supervision at home. Medicines are used that have a complex effect: cephalosporins, tetracyclines, and with a decrease in inflammation, fluoroquinolones. For a quick effect, a urologist may prescribe two antibiotics.
The result of therapy in acute inflammation, as a rule, is visible immediately, but it is absolutely impossible to stop taking drugs. Follow the 4-week course to the end and follow the dosage precisely to counteract the inflammatory process. Otherwise, he is able to transform into a chronic form. If you strictly follow all the recommendations of the urologist, the disease will recede forever and will never return.
For chronic prostatitis
A sluggish chronic course of prostate disease is observed much more often. Periods of calm give way to exacerbations. Is chronic prostatitis treated? The prognosis is less reassuring than in the case of acute inflammation. The results of therapy are weaker: pathology changes the structure of the tissues of the gland so that the antibiotic does not stay in them for a long time. Destinations:
- Preparations are prescribed, taking into account the nature and degree of sensitivity of microflora.
- Broad-spectrum medications are highly effective, especially cephalosparins and macrolides, fluoroquinolones.
- The minimum course is a month, however, several cycles are often carried out with breaks. It is impossible to quit treatment when the condition improves: changes can be deceiving.
What are the most effective antibiotics
To cure or reduce the symptoms of infectious prostatitis, strictly adhere to your doctor's recommendations. Start the course only after the diagnosis, when the doctor understands the nature of the disease. Self-treatment at home is fraught with devastating consequences, malfunctioning of the body's systems.
Are there any side effects and contraindications
Compounds that restore the gastric microflora are often prescribed together with drugs. Possible reactions to antibiotics are noted:
- malfunctions of the digestive tract;
- allergic rashes;
- intoxication (fever, pain, diarrhea);
- deterioration of health.
Antibiotics are not used to treat non-infectious (congestive) inflammation. It is forbidden to accept them:
- for allergies;
- kidney and liver disorders;